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Codes and Frequencies

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NOEMPLOY reports whether the respondent is not employed.

Non-employment may be the result of retirement, being a student or homemaker status. It does not indicate unemployment but participation in the labor force. Users interested in more detailed non-employment status may refer to RETIRED, STUDENT, and HOMEMAKR


This variable is comparable across years.


  • 1965-1985, 1995, 1998: All persons.
  • 1993: Persons not working for pay.
  • 2003+: Persons age 18 and older.


  • 1930, 1965, 1975, 1985, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2003-2012, 2018


This variable has no flags.