1100 TRAVEL

Category Description

This category captures time the respondent spent in travel. This includes imputed travel (1190), personal or adult care travel (1191), travel as part of paid work (1192), travel to/from work and other work travel (1193), travel related to education (1194), travel related to consumption (1195), travel related to child care (1196), travel for volunteering or worship (1197), and other type of travel (1198).

  • 1190 IMPUTED TRAVEL

    Category Description

    Imputed travel for both main and secondary activity is defined as time when the person changed location from their own home or another home to another specified location (not to an unknown location or to a general “other” location), or changed from one type of specified (not general “other”) location to another specified type of location but did not indicate an episode of travel. When the change of location was from an away from home location to a restaurant, bar or café, as a number of diaries use such a change of location to mark walking into the restaurant or food court next to shops in a shopping mall or the canteen at a workplace, this time is not defined as imputed travel. In the 2003+ period, this is time being searched at security checkpoint, opening bags for security search, and passing through metal detector for work related activities.

  • 1191 PERSONAL OR ADULT CARE TRAVEL

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related to personal and adult care.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66: This includes travelling related to the following activities: Personal hygiene dressing (getting up, going to bed, etc.), personal medical care at home, care given to adults, meals and snacks at home, meals outside home or the canteen, night sleep (essential), daytime sleep (incidental), nap or rest, private activities, non-described, including waiting for means of transport.

    1975-76: This includes time generally categorized under travel related to personal care.

    1985: This is time spent on other personal travel; travel related to other personal care activities; waiting for related travel; travel for unknown purpose of trip - e.g., "went to Memphis" (no further explanation given).

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally travel related to personal care.

    2003+: This is travel related to personal care as well as eating and drinking.

    2005+: This period further includes the following activities in addition to the 2003+ period: caring for and helping household children and caring for non-household children.

  • 1192 TRAVEL AS PART OF PAID WORK

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related work.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66, 1975-76, 1985: Not available for this period.

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally time spent in travel during work time.

    2003+: This is generally time categorized under travel related to work related activities.

  • 1193 TRAVEL TO/FROM WORK + OTHER WORK TRAVEL

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related to other types of work travel.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66: This is time described as displacements during work if they can be specifically isolated from travel from job.

    1975-76: This includes time generally categorized under travel related to job search, travel to/from work making other stops and travel directly to/from workplace.

    1985: This is time spent on travel related to job search, unemployment benefits, welfare, food stamps, and waiting for related travel. This also includes time traveling to and from the workplace when respondent's trips to and from work were both interrupted by stops, as well as waiting for related travel. Finally, this category also comprises of time spent traveling to and from the workplace, including time spent waiting for transportation.

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally time spent travelling to/from work.

    2003+: This is generally time categorized under travel related to working.

  • 1194 TRAVEL RELATED TO EDUCATION

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related to schooling and education.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66: This is travel related to the following activities: full time attendance to classes (undergraduate or post-graduate student), studies being the principle activity, reduced programs of professional or special training courses (including after work classes organized by the plant or enterprise in question), attendance to lectures (occasionally), programs of political or union training course, homework prepared for different courses and lectures (including related research work and self-instruction), reading of scientific reviews of books for personal instruction, other study, as well as time waiting for means of transport.

    1975-76: This includes time generally categorized under other school-related travel.

    1985: The period comprises of travel time to/from library, travel directly from home to school, including waiting, travel directly from school to home, including waiting, other school-related travel, travel related to education; waiting for related travel; and travel to school not originating from home.

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally time spent travelling for education.

    2003+: This is generally time categorized under travel connected to taking a class, extracurricular activities (e.g., sports), and generally related to education.

  • 1195 TRAVEL RELATED TO CONSUMPTION

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related to purchases and consumption.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66: This is travel related to the following activities: purchasing of everyday consumer goods and products, purchasing of durable consumer goods, and personal care outside home (e.g. hairdresser), medical care outside home, administrative services, offices, repair and other services (e.g. laundry, electricity, mechanics), waiting, queuing for the purchase of goods and services including time waiting for means of transport.

    1975-76: This includes time generally categorized under travel related to goods or services.

    1985: The period comprises of travel time related to obtaining goods and services and/or household activities.

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally time spent travelling for obtaining goods and services.

    2003+: This is time categorized under travel connected to household activities, grocery shopping, other type of shopping, consumer purchases, professional and personal care services, as well as activities related to using household services such as home maintenance or garden services. This also comprises of travel time related to government services and civic obligations.

  • 1196 TRAVEL RELATED TO CHILD CARE

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related to care for babies and children.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66: This is travel related to the following activities: care to babies, care to older children, supervision of school work (exercises and lessons), reading of tales or other non-school books to children, conversations with children, indoor games and manual instruction, outdoor games and walks, medical care (visiting the children's’ doctor or dentist, or other activities related to the health of children), including time waiting for means of transport.

    1975-76: This includes time generally categorized under travel related to child care.

    1985: The period comprises of travel time related to child's social and instructional non-school activities, as well as child care activities.

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally time spent travelling for childcare.

    2003+: This is time categorized under travel connected to caring for and helping household children. It also comprises of time travelling for activities associated with other type of care (besides education and health) and help for household members.

  • 1197 TRAVEL FOR VOLUNTEERING OR WORSHIP

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related to participation in social, political or union activities.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66: This is travel related to the following activities: Participation as member of a party, of a union, voluntary activity as an elected official of a social or political organization, other types of participation in meetings, non-paid collective civic activities (e.g. volunteers), participation in religious organizations, religious practice and attending religious ceremonies, participation in various factory councils (committees, commissions), participation in other associations (family, parent, military, etc.), including time waiting for means of transport.

    1975-76: This includes time generally categorized under travel associated to membership activities, voluntary activities, and adult care.

    1985: This is travel related to organizational activities as a member of a volunteer organization, travel associated to all other organizational activities, as well as travel related to help and care to others. This time also comprises of waiting for related travel.

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally time spent travelling for organizational activities.
    2003+: This is time categorized under travel connected to religious or spiritual activities, as well as volunteering.

  • 1198 OTHER TRAVEL

    Category Description

    This comprises of time travelling related other types of travel.

    Activity Coding Rules

    1965-66: This is travel related to the following activities: spectacles, entertainment and social life, sports and active leisure, as well as passive leisure.

    1975-76: This includes time generally categorized under travel related to public events, sports and leisure, as well as passive leisure.

    1985: This is travel related to socializing, sports and active leisure, vacation travel, waiting in car for adult, travel of child with adult when not clear whether child participated in adult's purpose of trip - e.g. went to bank (with parent) and waited in car, as well as other waiting connected to this type of travel.

    1993-94, 1994-95, 1998-01: This is generally time spent travelling for social activities, recreation, and passive leisure.

    2003+: This is time under non categorized travel, travel related to socializing, relaxing and leisure, arts and entertainment, sports, exercise and recreation, phone calls, and security procedures. The non-categorized travel includes the following examples:

    Category examples
    Car accident
    Changing a flat tire
    Driving, no purpose (DP changed mind)
    Exchanging insurance info after accident
    Hailing help after accident/emergency
    Paying parking garage attendant (2003)
    Paying parking lot attendant (2003)
    Paying toll booth attendant (2003)
    Riding in a tow truck after accident
    Travel accident
    Travel emergency
    Walking to get help after travel accident